Botanical Name: Allium sativum.
Other Common Names
- Suen Tau
Garlic belongs to the same family or group of plants as the onion. The plant has been cultivated for such a long time that much of its origins have become lost.
There has been some suggestion that it was first indigenous to the southwest of Siberia. From there, it spread to southern Europe and then to the rest of the world.
The leaves are long, narrow and flat. The bulb is of a compound nature, consisting of numerous bulblets, known technically as ‘cloves,’ grouped together between the membranous scales and enclosed within a whitish skin, which holds them as in a sac.
The rather whitish flowers grow at the end of a stalk rising directly from the bulb.
Plant Parts Used
Therapeutic Benefits & Uses of Garlic and Claims
Garlic’s history as a medicinal herb tracks back to the Greeks and Romans.
Garlic has been used historically as an herbal antiseptic. It was used to help prevent conditions such as gangrene in wounds.
The raw juice was expressed, diluted with water, and put on swabs of sterilized Sphagnum moss, which was applied to wounds to prevented septic results. (1)
Garlic has been used for a long time to prevent and treat all kinds of health problems including colds, flu, menstrual pain, Crohn’s disease, sinusitis, gastrointestinal problems, fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, warts and atherosclerosis to name a few. (2)
It has been suggested that the herb may be helpful as an herbal cancer remedy by reducing the size of cancerous tumors and that it can help prevent certain cancers that attack the intestines, such as colon cancer. (4)(5)
Most of the published research done on its medicinal properties have been in the area of reducing heart disease. Researchers are finding that it has the potential in helping to prevent blood clots and therefore reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. (7)(8)
Garlic is a great herb for lowering cholesterol, and numerous large studies have shown that taking supplements that mimic fresh garlic can significantly lower LDL cholesterol levels without hurting beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. (9)
Garlic appears to act by blocking the liver from making too much LDL cholesterol. (10)
Dosage and Administration
As supplement garlic is most commonly taken daily in capsule form containing between 1000 and 3000 mg.
0.03 to 0.12 mL of garlic oil can be taken three times a day.
Garlic juice, 10 to 30 drops or as specified by the manufacturer. (12)
Potential Side Effects of Garlic
There are some herbalists who do not promote the use of it in capsule or tablet form. They believed that the full effect of garlic is best achieved by working with the whole clove.
Garlic supplements are said to have no side effects other than the strong odor.
The combination of using garlic and warfarin may result in a greater risk of bleeding.
Large doses of the herb should not be ingested when using warfarin, indomethacin, dipyridamole, aspirin, or other medications that thin the blood. (13)
- Petrovska, B. B., & Cekovska, S. (2010). Extracts from the history and medical properties of garlic. Pharmacognosy reviews, 4(7), 106–110. doi:10.4103/0973-7847.65321
- Bayan, L., Koulivand, P. H., & Gorji, A. (2014). Garlic: a review of potential therapeutic effects. Avicenna journal of phytomedicine, 4(1), 1–14.
- Assessment report on Allium sativum L., bulbus. European Medicines Agency. Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC). 12 July 2016. EMA/HMPC/7686/2013.
- Nicastro, H. L., Ross, S. A., & Milner, J. A. (2015). Garlic and onions: their cancer prevention properties. Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.), 8(3), 181–189. doi:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0172.
- Nouroz, Faisal & Mehboob, Madiha & Noreen, Shumaila & Zaidi, Farrah & Mobin, Tibgha. (2015). A Review on Anticancer Activities of Garlic (Allium sativum L.). Middle East Journal of Scientific Research. 23. 1145-1151. 10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2015.23.06.9381.
- Arreola, R., Quintero-Fabián, S., López-Roa, R. I., Flores-Gutiérrez, E. O., Reyes-Grajeda, J. P., Carrera-Quintanar, L., & Ortuño-Sahagún, D. (2015). Immunomodulation and anti-inflammatory effects of garlic compounds. Journal of immunology research, 2015, 401630. doi:10.1155/2015/401630.
- Qidwai, W., & Ashfaq, T. (2013). Role of garlic usage in cardiovascular disease prevention: an evidence-based approach. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2013, 125649. doi:10.1155/2013/125649.
- Banerjee, S. K., & Maulik, S. K. (2002). Effect of garlic on cardiovascular disorders: a review. Nutrition journal, 1, 4. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-1-4.
- Lachhiramka, Preety & Patil, Sujay. (2016). Cholesterol lowering property of garlic (Allium sativum) on patients with hypercholesterolemia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health. 5. 1. 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28032016449.
- Huang, Jingbo et al.:The Impact of Dietary Changes and Dietary Supplements on Lipid Profile. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Volume 27, Issue 4, 488 – 505.
- Ried, K., & Fakler, P. (2014). Potential of garlic (Allium sativum) in lowering high blood pressure: mechanisms of action and clinical relevance. Integrated blood pressure control, 7, 71–82. doi:10.2147/IBPC.S51434.
- Singh, Vinay & Singh, Dinesh. (2008). Pharmacological Effects of Garlic (Allium sativum L.). Annual Review of Biomedical Sciences. 10. 10.5016/1806-8774.2008.v10p6.
- Borrelli, Francesca & Capasso, Raffaele & Izzo, Angelo. (2007). Garlic (Allium sativumL.): Adverse effects and drug interactions in humans. Molecular nutrition & food research. 51. 1386-97. 10.1002/mnfr.200700072.
Latest posts by Thordur Sturluson (see all)
- What is the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana? - June 3, 2019