In modern times, the interest in the herb in the Western world has primarily been because of the alkaloid trigonelline found in the plant, which has been shown to have some potential in the treatment of liver and cervical cancer.
It has been used as a traditional herbal remedy to promote hair growth both in women and men.
In Saudi Arabia, the leaves and seeds are used as a remedy for kidney stones. In one animal study it was noted that when rats were given a dose of fenugreek daily for a month, they had a significant reduction in the amount of calcium that was deposited in the kidneys, which can support this folk medicine usage.
The leaves of fenugreek contain the substance choline, and the seeds are an excellent source of the antioxidant beta-carotene.
Both substances may be helpful for memory loss, Alzheimer’s and slow down the aging process. Additionally, choline can be used to treat arteriosclerosis because of the ability to remove accumulated fat (cholesterol) from the artery’s walls.
The seeds might be effective against roundworms, and they contain some chemicals that have insect repellent properties and can be used as an insecticide.