Great mullein contains a demulcent, emollient and astringent properties making it useful to help resolve pectoral complaints and bleeding of the lungs and bowels.
Its uses can be traced back to the Greek herbalist, Dioscorides, who was one of the first to recommend it for in curing a variety of lung diseases.
Various Native American tribes used great mullein to help cure chest diseases. One such example is by the Navajos who would mix it with tobacco and smoke it to relieve coughing spasms. The Mohicans, however, would mix it with molasses, making a tea and use it as a cough medicine.
Recommended uses include that as a general pain reliever. The oils destroy disease and germ infections. Insomnia has also been a noted ailment for which mullein can be taken to aid in. This is caused by the high content of mucilage and saponins.
Verbascum is an expectorant, meaning it is used to expel mucus from the lungs and throat; a demulcent, meaning it has soothing elements and reduces inflammation; a vulnerary, meaning it aids in the promotion of cell growth and repair; and an anodyne, which is a pain reliever.
Infusion of the oils of the mullein flower can be used to create drops to help earaches. This infusion is a very strong antibacterial agent and is also extremely effective in the treatment of mouth and gum ulcers.
The root is commonly used to relieve pain from cramping, toothaches, and convulsions. Alternatively it can be used effectively as an herbal remedy for migraines when accompanied by ear oppression.
Poultices of the great mullein plant leaves have shown to help with hemorrhoids problems and said to be very valuable in the aid of diarrhea due to its combination of demulcent and astringent properties.
This combination not only provides relief but is shown to strengthen bowels at the same time. It is these same properties that make mullein of great use for bleeding of the lungs and the bowels.
The entire mullein plant itself basically possesses sedative and narcotic properties.